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Current address: LIRMM CNRS UMR 5506, 860 rue de St Priest 34095 Montpellier cedex 5
I design algorithms and probabilistic models of molecular evolution. Most notably, I am developing the software package PhyML (for Phylogenetics through Maximum Likelihood) which serves as a basis to implement my research outputs. I was trained as a biologist/statistician but I am now working in the computer science department of the LIRMM in Montpellier, France. I also worked for the Department of Statistics at the University of Auckland. I am currently Associate Editor for BMC Evolutionary Biology and an elected Council member of the Society of Systematic Biologists (2013-2016).
Recent publications (full list on Google Scholar)
Demographic inference under the coalescent in a
spatial continuum. S. Guindon, H. Guo, D. Welch. Journal of Theoretical Population
Biology. 111: 43–50. 2016. We describe a method that fits a structured coalescent model
assuming that individuals are scattered on a continuum rather that distributed in discrete
demes. We show that the density of the population and the rate of dispersal of
individuals can be inferred simultaneousy from the analysis of geo-referenced genetic
sequence using this technique.
Modeling competition and dispersal in a statistical phylogeographic
framework. L. Ranjard, D. Welch, M. Paturel, S. Guindon. Systematic
Biology. 63:743-752. 2014. We describe a model where the probability for a species to colonize an empty island
at some point during the course of evolution is the same at
that of an occupied one only if species do not compete with each other. Using simulations, we show that these probabilities can indeed be
estimated from geo-referenced genetic sequences.
Performance of standard and stochastic branch-site models for detecting positive selection amongst coding sequences
A. Lu, S. Guindon. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 31: 484-495. 2014. We
describe the performance of the stochastic branch-site model (see S. Guindon et al. PNAS. 101:12957-12962. 2004.) in terms of type-I and power for detecting
positive selection in coding sequences. Results indicate that this approach
is more suited than the standard branch-site model (sensu codeml) in cases
where it is not
known a priori which lineages may have evolved under positive selection.
From trajectories to averages: an improved description of the heterogeneity of
substitution rates along lineages. S. Guindon. Systematic
Biology. 62:22-34. 2013. Assuming that the evolution of the substitution rate at each position along a sequence is
a realization of a (geometric) Brownian process, the rate averaged
over a given time interval is approximately gamma distributed. This study shows that ignoring the stochasticity of
average substitution rates leads to poor estimates of important evolutionary parameters. The proposed
approach also provides an efficient implementation of the
covarion model that does not require augmentation of the state space.
Academic record & appointments